Lontar Usada Cukildaki: Kajian Teologi dan Pendidikan Kesehatan Pada Masyarakat Hindu di Bali

Asthadi Mahendra Bhandesa, I Putu Gede Sutrisna, I Putu Agus Endra Susanta

Sari


The Usada Cukildaki is one of the traditional medicine texts in Bali contained in the form of lontar.
It contains the knowledge of health problems and their treatment. The purpose of this research was
to analyze the theological value and health education held in the Lontar of Usada Cukildaki and
its role for the Hindu community in Bali. The method used in this research was descriptive
qualitative. The first step was to analyze the theological value and health education through a
content analysis approach, then to find out its role for the Hindu community in Bali, and it is carried
out using a grounded theory approach. The results indicated that in the Lontar of Usada Cukildaki
there were theological aspects in the form of worshiping Sang Hyang Tunggal, Sanghyang Tri
Murti (Brahma, Vishnu, Iswara), Dewata Nawa Sangga, Sang Hyang Kamulan, Sang Hyang
Durga, Sang Hyang Aji Saraswati, and Ida Bhatara Sri, and based on the concept of Shiva
Sidhanta in the form of worshiping Bhatara Iswara, Bhatara Mahadewa, Bhatara Vishnu, Shiva,
Sada Shiva and Parama Shiva including worshiping Sang Hyang Kala Cakra, Sang Hyang Taya
Tayi, Sang Hyang Sangenge, Sang Hyang Bayu, Sang Hyang Hyang Surya Candra, Sang Hyang
Bhatara Samara, and Sang Hyang Kresna Murti. The value of health education given by Sang
Hyang Cukildaki is in the form of knowledge of various types of diseases, characteristics of
diseases and medicinal ingredients and how to use them in the context of the protection and healing
process from all kinds of existing diseases. It includes performing a Caru ceremony to harmonize
the universe and its contents. Lontar Usada Cukildaki for the Hindu community in Bali is utilizing
medicinal materials and plants that have medicinal properties and properties to improve the healing
process, especially in increasing the body's immunity and health problems. The materials include
garlic, coriander, turmeric, ginger, coconut oil, honey, white turi tree bark, candlenut tree bark,
kara lingsir peanut leaves, kemeniran, dadap, dewa leaves, reed starfruit, cangkem butuh root,
white jarak and so on. In conclusion, Usada Cukildaki is a traditional medicine text with the
concept of Hindu Theology with the Local Genius perspective for the Hindu community in Bali


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.55115/jnana.v3i2.2233

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