PENYELESAIAN KONFLIK KEAGAMAAN DI INDONESIA (SEBUAH REFLEKSI DARI PENGALAMAN SEJARAH HINDU)

I Ketut Widnya

Sari


There are five main sects that have ever grown and developed in the history of Hinduism.
The 5 sects are: Sivaism, Vaisnava, Sakta, Sora, and Ganapatya. The teachings of all sects come
from the Vedic scriptures. But each sect selects certain aspects of the Vedic teachings and gives
interpretations in accordance with the prevailing traditions in each sect. As a result, there are
variants of teachings that differ from one sect to another. Conflict can be a process that is
instrumental in the formation, integration and maintenance of social structures. Conflict can
establish and maintain a boundary line between two or more groups. Conflict with other groups
can reinforce group identity and protect it so that it does not melt into the social world around it.
Outgroups
conflict can strengthen the identity of group members so that conflict carries out a
positive function in strengthening ingroup
identity (Poloma, 2003: 107108).
The dynamics of
syncretism between various sects and subsects
within Hinduism, which are expressed in the
long chain of Indonesian cultural history, are not only unique religious symptoms, the greatest
and still alive today, but also a right choice to overcome fluralism of the nation's problems.

Keywords: Settlement, Religious Conflict, Indonesia, Hindu History Experience


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Referensi


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Manoharlal.


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